Answer to Question 1
The Pueblos suffered greatly at the hands of the Spanish after their return, since there was a conflict due to the difference in their religions. The Spanish were Catholics while the pueblos were traditionalists. Due to their religion, the Spanish felt superior to the pueblos and forced them to abandon their traditionalism and assume Catholicism. Things became worse for the Pueblos since the Spanish started killing those who refused to be Christianized and those who seemed helpful to them, they detained. The article gives a number of a thousand Indians who were killed and five hundred others detained. The pueblos were viewed as uncivilized, irrational and inferior by the Spanish and they were highly mistreated. Their land was taken; they were enslaved and were highly exploited.
Answer to Question 2
The Cheyenne and the Sioux were better “Plains Indians” than the Pawnees were since the Pawnees acquired several skills and behaviors from their neighboring Europeans that made them stray from their traditional ways. For instance, they acquired horses, which made their hunting easier and faster. This meant that they hunted for buffaloes especially, during any season whether they were in drought or in plenty. They also occupied lands that did not favor cultivation as they were used to thus they became fully-fledged hunters and depended fully on hunting for their food. When the Cheyenne and the Sioux finally arrived where the Pawnees had settled, the got the land that was in between the Europeans and the Pawnees, thus they assumed the plains lifestyle since they practiced agriculture for subsistence as well as hunting.
Response to John Marable
I think that Marable’s post is rather vague and shallow since it does not contain specific dates when events occurred and it does not contain enough convincing evidence. However, it gives a good flow of events and how the Arapaho Indians lived before the American and European settling and after the settling. From the post I learn that the Arapaho collaborated or got along well with the settlers first before they knew what they were really after, which was their land. Though they acquired a lot of skills and practices from the settlers, their culture died when they lost their land. I also learn that they used to hunt buffaloes for their meat and hides, which they would sell, to the Americans and Europeans. When the buffaloes later migrated, the situation dictated that they had to return to weaving. In conclusion, the post could use some improvement.
Response to Kristofer Chester
I think that Chester’s post is quite informative, detailed and it is well referenced with more than five sources. It shows that the research carried out before the article was written was extensive and I think it has done the post much service since it has made it rich in information. The post gives details on the life of the Bannock tribe, in addition to how the European settling affected it. It shows their transition from hunters and gatherers to fully-fledged hunters due to the introduction of horses and guns. The horses and guns, brought by the Europeans enhanced their hunting skills an enabled them expand their roam. The post, I think, is well-dated and specific facts and numbers are stated. The story is told in a captivating manner and this makes the post very interesting to read as well as highly educational. It qualifies to be the best post I have read.
Response to Brian Preachers
Preachers’ post is not as captivating but he does a good job in the details and the extensive information. He gives the story of the Comanche tribe of the Indians, in addition to how they lost their tradition, skill and knowledge after the settling of the French in their land. The post shows how the hunter and gatherer community transformed to a hunter only and how they moved from their native land and became horse herders and buffalo hunters. I think the post is very detailed and this much detail gives it an academic feel. I think the post should be used as a well-summarized account of the Comanche tribe history and be used as a scholarly aid in learning institutions. The post is well researched and well referenced. The dates and facts given show the extent of the research work done. I think it is a very educational post.
Calloway, Colin G. First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin, 2008.